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Source Protection Program
Updated Source Protection Plans
Updated source protection plans for springs are due by December 31, 2017, unless your updated plan is already overdue. A letter to Water System Operators (dated November 15, 2012) mistakenly stated that updated plans for springs were due by the end of 2012. You should have received a different letter from Mark Jensen (dated November 20, 2012) if your updated plan is overdue. Contact the Source Protection staff at 801-536-4200 or e-mail for more information.
Update to Source Protection Template
If you have an updated source protection plan to prepare, the following links for a template and for waiver forms to use to reapply for Use and Susceptibility Waivers are available:
The "Source Water Collaborative" an independent and informal consortium of NGO's and governmental agencies that EPA helped organize, has developed a campaign to promote source water protection, including a Web site and brochure. The brochure (available on their Web site) provides three basic principles for communities and citizens to help protect source water:
- Development Patterns
- Budgets and Pricing
Low Impact Development and other green infrastructure techniques are the focus of the "development patterns" section.
The 1996 amendments to the Safe Drinking Water Act required that all states develop source water assessment programs to assess the risk of accidental contamination of all drinking water sources. However, source protection requirements are voluntary for EXISTING (i.e., plans and specifications submitted before July 26, 1993) ground-water sources serving transient noncommunity systems.
Rules have been adopted regarding the protection of public drinking water sources. These rules require that each public drinking water supplier prepare a source protection plan. This plan must be reviewed and approved by the Division of Drinking Water.
Typically, a plan is developed after a hydrogeological evaluation is conducted for each source. The investigation determines what areas must be protected, and the extent of protection which is necessary. Within these protection zones, various activities or facilities may be restricted if they will jeopardize the purity of the drinking water source.
Source protection requirements apply to both new and existing sources.
- Construction Approval Process
If a new source is planned.
- General Requirements for Developing New Sources
For guidance on the process of getting a new source approved.
If sufficient documentation is provided in a source protection plan, waivers may be granted to permit a reduced monitoring schedule for certain chemicals.
For an introduction on source protection in Utah, see Source Protection for Drinking Water Sources.
Contact Kate Johnson if you have questions.
Groundwater Sources (Springs and Wells)
- Groundwater Source Protection User's Guide
This information will help plan strategies to protect wells and springs.
- Monitoring Waivers
Three types of monitoring waivers are available to public water systems.
- Rule R309-600
Drinking water source protection for groundwater sources.
Groundwater Source Protection Plans must be updated every six years beyond the date they were originally due.
- Drinking Water Source Protection Plan
Standard report format for existing wells and springs.
- Preliminary Evaluation Report Format
Standard report format for new springs and wells.
- Updated Ground Water Source Protection Plans
Standard report format for updated ground water source protection plans.
Surface Water Sources (Lakes, Reservoirs, Streams)
- Rule R309-605
Drinking water source protection for surface water sources.
- Source Water Assessment Program
Drinking water source protection of surface water user's guide.
- Drinking Water Source Protection Plan
Standard report format for existing surface water sources.
- Updated Surface Water Source Protection Plans
Standard report format for surface water source protection plans.
Tools for Developing Source Protection Plans
- A Message from the Children of Mars
Inspirational story on source protection and alternative ways to do a source protection plan.
- DEQ Interactive Map
Information about drinking water facilities and source protection zones. The Interactive Map is great for water systems as they update their inventory of contamination sources. Besides drinking water information, the Interactive Map includes underground storage tanks, CERCLA sites, and other sites regulated by DEQ. At the Interactive Map Web site, request access to the drinking water information by clicking on the green link in the left panel or on User Login in the upper right corner. Contact Mark Jensen (801-536-4199) or Kate Johnson (801-536-4206) with questions about the DEQ Interactive Map.
- Drinking Water from Forests and Grasslands
Reviews the scientific literature about the potential of common forest and grassland management to introduce contaminants of concern to human health into public drinking water sources.
- Environmental Maps
Utah DEQ environmental map resources. Note: The completeness and accuracy of the data cannot be assured.
- EPA Publications
Links to EPA publications on wellhead and general water protection.
- Managing Potential Contamination Sources
Here is a list of fact sheets on minimizing the impact of potential contamination source. These fact sheets describe "best management practices." These practices help decrease the risks associated with potential contamination sources within source protection zones. See the Pollution Prevention Fact Sheet for general information on reducing or eliminating pollutants. The fact sheets can be distributed as part of a management strategy to reduce contamination risks.
- Source Water Collaborative Web Site
Offers source water protection information from federal, state, and local source water protection organizations.
- Storm Drain Stencils
These stencils help educate the public about protecting water sources.
- Water Resources Management
The National Association of Counties' site provides technical and financial assistance to help counties manage and protect their water resources.
- Water Wise Landscaping
Less watering = less fertilizer use = less pesticide use.
- Utah Native Plant Society
Dedicated to the appreciation, preservation, conservation, and responsible use of the native plant and plant communities found.
- Slow the Flow
Jordan Valley Water Conservancy Districts program and model garden site.
- Utah Division of Water Resources
The Governor's water conservation team.
- Ground Water and Drinking Water
EPA site with water resources.
- Utah Native Plant Society
- Your Water. Your Decision.
Learn today's best practices for protecting our drinking water sources from Field to Faucet.
Find out whether your municipality or county has an ordinance to help you protect your drinking water sources.
Transient Non-Community Systems
Notice to the Public Regarding Source Water Assessments and Drinking Water Source Protection Plans for Transient Non-Community Systems.
Source Water Protection
How you govern can determine what you drink. Consider your community's efforts in these key areas:
- development patterns
- pricing options
Be Smart About Water
Visit the Smart About Water Web site; helping America's small communities protect their source water.
Hydraulic Fracturing and Drinking Water
Utah has significant reserves of natural gas and oil. Hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling are important technologies which enable increased production of these essential natural resources. In Utah, we currently use about 2000 wells and springs as public drinking water supplies; and 33 of those wells and springs, in 22 public water systems, are located within recognized oil and gas fields.
The Utah Division of Oil, Gas, and Mining provides information regarding hydraulic fracturing in Utah. Well operators in Utah are required to report the type and amount of chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing operations to the FracFocus chemical disclosure registry within 60 days of when the hydraulic fracturing work is performed.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) also provides information on natural gas extraction and hydraulic fracturing. The EPA is currently studying hydraulic fracturing and potential impacts on drinking water.
Public Water Sources and Oil and Gas Fields in Utah
- View a map.
Utah Public Water Systems with Water Sources in Oil and Gas Fields
View the map.
Clay Basin Field
Questar—Clay Basin Camp
Book Cliffs/Grand Valley
Westwater Ranger Station
Sigurd Town Water System
Mexican Hat SSD
Camp Pinecliff (Methodist)
Cluff Ward Pipeline Co
Cedar Ridge Academy
Neola Water and Sewer District
Roosevelt Town Water System
Uriah Heeps Springs Water System
Clear Creek Camp—Alpine School Dist
Clear Creek Utilities Inc
Huntington—Castle Valley SSD
North Emery SSD
Old Folks Flat Campground
Stuart Visitor Center